Current status and development prospects of the science and technology services sector
From the perspective of China's current socio-economic development needs, the science and technology service industry should take the promotion of independent innovation, leading industrial upgrading, fostering new industries and enhancing the ability to serve society as its main development goals. As an important part of the modern service industry, the S&T service industry comes into being along with the development of the knowledge economy and information technology, providing knowledge-based, high value-added S&T services to the society, with the distinctive features of "knowledge-based, intelligence-intensive, people-oriented, advanced means and high value-added", and playing an important role in supporting the development of the modern service industry. It is an important driving force in the rapid growth and development of the "service-oriented economy". With the in-depth development of the modern service industry, the R & D-led science and technology service industry is becoming a driving force for global economic recovery, and the development scale of China's science and technology service industry has exceeded 1 trillion yuan.
1.1 Broad market prospects
"The overall goal of the 13th Five-Year Plan is to promote the transformation and application of a number of major scientific and technological achievements that are of international advanced level and can effectively drive the optimization and upgrading of the industrial structure, further consolidate the main position of enterprises in the transfer and transformation of scientific and technological achievements, further improve the market-oriented technology transaction service system, and diversify the investment in the transfer and transformation of scientific and technological achievements. The channels are getting better and better, the institutional environment for the transfer and transformation of scientific and technological achievements is more optimized, the system for the transfer and transformation of scientific and technological achievements with perfect functions and efficient operation is fully established, and the service for the transfer and transformation of achievements forms the trend of division of labor and regional agglomeration." The 13th Five-Year Plan will further promote the development of science and technology, and the science and technology service industry is bound to develop accordingly.
After decades of development, China's science and technology service industry has laid a considerable foundation, and has achieved significant improvements in its scientific and technological strength and achievements. The implementation of the patent strategy has further boosted the number of patents, with a total of 587,000 domestic effective invention patents representing high patent quality indicators and reflecting patented technology and market value; the Intellectual Property Office has accepted 22,924 international patent applications under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT), a year-on-year increase of 15 per cent. In recent years, China's technology market transactions have shown a good development trend of increasing year by year, and the technology market has made great contributions in promoting the integration of science and technology with the economy, optimizing the allocation of scientific and technological resources, and promoting the transformation of scientific and technological achievements. It is expected that by 2020, China's technology transactions will reach 8 trillion yuan.
1.2 Facing urgent problems
While China's science and technology service industry is developing rapidly, it still faces outstanding problems. The first problem is the lack of independent innovation capacity. The lack of independent innovation capacity is still a weakness that restricts China's scientific and technological development and progress. Secondly, the transformation rate of S&T achievements is not high. The industrialization of scientific and technological achievements requires the interlinkage of three elements (enterprises, scientific research institutions and scientific and technological intermediaries) to realize. But the low transformation rate of scientific and technological achievements is a prominent problem facing the development of the scientific and technological service industry. Third, the development of S&T intermediaries is lagging behind. China's science and technology service intermediaries are becoming a new economic growth point for the country and the region. However, China's science and technology service intermediaries are still in their infancy in general, and there is still a big gap between them and developed countries. Fourthly, market-oriented operation needs to be strengthened. The rapid development of science and technology service industry and the enhancement of science and technology service capacity cannot be separated from market-oriented operation. China's science and technology service industry is also still facing many difficulties in its gradual marketization.
Status of technology interface
2.1 Inefficiencies in traditional full-line docking services
Traditional offline docking models include: offline docking without intermediary services (the two sides have established contact, the docking process is smooth and efficient, but the technical coverage is too narrow to solve all the problems), offline intermediary matchmaking offline docking service model (can solve more technical problems, but the intermediary fees and intermediaries also increase the cost of business), docking service model through government technology services (the two sides by the government) (Endorsement, high trust, but inefficient). To summarize the traditional model, the existing service pain points include: information asymmetry, irrational allocation of research resources, long and costly technology-pair transaction cycle, and high risk of technology treatment.
2.2 Successful operation of foreign online models
With the emergence of the Internet, technology interface through online platforms can effectively use Internet tools to integrate scattered information resources and achieve real-time, centralized display, reduce information asymmetry, improve transaction efficiency, reduce transaction costs, and improve the interaction and synchronization of scientific and technological information dissemination. The InnoCentive website in the United States (called "Innovation Center" in China) has now become a network platform that links supply and demand for R&D in science and technology across multiple fields. Any company that has a demand for scientific research and consultation should pay 10,000 to 100,000 US dollars for each solution, in addition to paying a certain amount of membership fee to the InnoCentive. InnoCentive has been known to publish thousands of scientific and technical problems involving more than 60 sub-disciplines, and more than $8 million has been awarded to problem breakers. Procter & Gamble is a major client of the site. "Cross-pollination" leads to more and better products. Today, P&G has increased their external innovation ratio from 15% to 50%. While they currently have over 9,000 R&D employees, they have 1.5 million R&D employees on the periphery of the web. The "solvers" come from all over the world and come from a wide variety of backgrounds, from experiments in garages to schoolchildren.
Mighty Innovation Model
The implementation of an innovation-driven development strategy to promote the transformation of China's development mode and the optimization and upgrading of its economic structure is a major strategic plan of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council. In order to further strengthen the supporting role of scientific and technological innovation and enhance the core competitiveness of China's economy, there is an inevitable need for an active technology transfer market and an effective industrialization mechanism for technological innovation. To this end, the State and local governments have recently issued a large number of supportive policies, regulations, ordinances and guidelines, and invested resources to promote the vigorous development of local technology transfer and technology intermediary markets. In this context, all kinds of technology intermediary service agencies are blowing up. Mai Technology is formed in this context, combined with traditional technology intermediary services and the Internet era "sharing economy" model of online technology docking and trading platform. Its purpose is to build a bridge between applied technology and the practical application of industry through the Internet model.
Nowadays, the entire ecological chain of technological innovation and industrial upgrading can be seen in the figure of Mighty Technology.
Mai Technology's wish is to create an ecological circle of scientific and technological innovation, in order to get through the innovation chain "the first kilometer" and "the last kilometer" as the guide, to establish a closed-loop transformation of technological achievements. In the whole ecological chain of scientific and technological innovation and industrial upgrading, you can see the figure of Mai Technology, which has already laid out the information center (search engine as the core of the big data processing platform), industrial technology research institute (technology evaluation, technical solution packaging center), industry fund (to help innovative technology team smooth industrialization of the fund), partner system (industry and scientific research front-line personnel composed of technology promotion network). The five modules of the EMPOWER membership service system are: (1) a technology innovation manager, (2) a one-stop service product, (3) technology, (4) funding, and (5) awards.
Serving China's technology transfer and transformation in the following four ways
1. Integration of innovative technologies.In the fields of environmental protection engineering, materials science, chemical engineering, energy and power, machinery manufacturing, bioengineering and other fields, we have entered into strategic cooperation agreements with universities and research institutes at home and abroad to strengthen the communication between technology and industry, build a global technological innovation ecosystem, and use the information platform mikeji.cn to bring together leading and market-valued industrial technologies through the integration of all-round technology and industrial resources. The Solution.
2. Technology & Market Research Assessment.In a breakthrough in the traditional system and mode of appraisal and evaluation of scientific research achievements, the Industrial Research Institute has established a market-oriented and innovative technology achievement evaluation standard system through scientific and market-oriented means. Through the research, testing and validation facilities of research institutions distributed in various industries, as well as the global system of technology experts and market project partners, the Industrial Research Institute's conclusions on the evaluation of scientific and technological achievements are more practicable and more reflective of the market value of technology, thus greatly improving the success rate of the transformation of scientific and technological achievements.
3. Demonstration of market application effectiveness.Facing the market demand and industrial development, in order to address the concerns of traditional industrial enterprises about the risk of initial investment in technology, the Institute conducts perfect, rapid and stable market validation, engineering pilot test, process and overall program market validation of technical achievements by analyzing the current situation of the industry and market, introducing technical solutions, scientific evaluation and investigation of technology, absorbing and digesting and re-innovating, uniting enterprises, technical teams, funds and other resources, so as to greatly reduce the risk of introducing innovative technology and industrial upgrading. So as to greatly reduce the risk of introducing innovative technologies and industrial upgrading.
4. Technological innovation services for traditional industries.By joining hands with the technological research of traditional industries and industry "leaders" to build a public service platform for technological innovation in industries and regions. Combined with the unique grassroots project partner system and the Maid Technology Internet Platform, we promote the innovative research results and technologies of the industry in order to meet the needs of SMEs facing difficulties in traditional industries and the transformation and upgrading. Achieve precise implementation and widespread grounding.
(Source: Mey Technology General Manager Xianjie Lin)